In the cross-border zone, the Générations en santé program (ICAPROS, INTERREG IVA) showed that during the 2004-2006 period, cardiovascular events linked to ischemic heart diseases have represented an important part of the deaths in that period.
These heart diseases include a whole of troubles linked to the development of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries. These troubles are expressed as an insufficient oxygen supply to the cardiac muscle. Depending on the occlusion of the coronary arteries, damages to the coronary muscle can range from mild to severe, from ischemia to myocardial necrosis.
The male population is more particularly affected since it represents 36% of the presented cases (24% for women), regardless of the studied territories within the cross-border zone. The first irreversible risk factor of atherosclerosis is the age. Furthermore, the ICAPROS study showed that within the cross-border zone and for people over the age of 65, the mortality linked to this pathology is higher than in the rest of Belgium and France.
Like a majority of European countries, the cross-border zone is concerned by the ageing of its population (for 2030, one in four people will be senior). In that context, the precocious detection of high-risk patients is of fundamental interest for these patients but also for health systems.